Location: Northern Caucasus.
Status: Republic within the Russian Federation.
Extension: 14,100 sq km2. Inhabitants: 463,300. Capital:
Cherkessk (120,700 pp.).
Native ethnic groups: Karachays (150.000), Cherkess
(55.000), Noghay (20.000), Abaza (30.000).
These peoples are sunnite muslims.
The first president of Karachay- Cherkess
Republic Vladimir Semenov
second president of Karachay-Cherkess Republic
third president of Karachay- Cherkess Republic
History: The Karachays were driven into the highlands
of the North Caucasus by Mongol tribes in the 13th century. Their territory
was annexed by the Russian Empire in 1828 but they continued to resist
Russian rule throughout the 19th century. Many Karachay emigrated to the
Ottoman Empire in the 1860-70s. In 1920, the Mountain Autonomous
Soviet Republic was settled up in the north Caucasus, which included the
lands of the Cherkess (Circassians) and Karachay, but 2 years later this
fell apart and a separate Karachay-Cherkess region was established. In
1926, this was further subdivided, and the two peoples had their own regions.
In 1936, they were merged yet again, but 8 years later, in 1943, direct
rule was imposed by Moscow . The people was deported to Kazahstan/Kirgizija
like chechens, balkars and others...Local autonomy was not restored until
1957. Since 1936, the Karachai have had their own written language . In
Karachaevesk, there is a teacher education
university which is responsible for the intellectual development of
future generations. In contrast to the other smaller Caucasian groups,
Karachai are more outgoing, a trait which has contributed to the secularization
among this Islamic people.
Related sites on the Internet
www.kchr.info now this is the official site
of K-Ch Republic. Information about organisations, addresses etc. In Russian
www.elbrusoid.org New site created
by karachays living in Moskow
www.karachay.com developed by
Hasan from Australia. English, Karachay
by Adilhan Adiloglu (Appa) . English, Turkic, Karachay
Karachay-Balkar site developed
by balkar group. Russian
karacay page by Ahmad Salpagarov. Russian
http://karachai.r2.ru/ in Russian
and Karachay lang (cyrillic) created by students from KCGPU (the page is no more available)
Karachay-Kavkaz Benevolent Association New Jersey, USA.
In English (the page is no more available)
Information Center by Nurtane Oksas, USA (the page is no more available)
Xadji-Murat Professor of Math, Montcalair University, USA
Botash ulu Hamit(1921-2002),
karachay writer, from 1960 lived in USA
Caucasus page of
Tokhchuk ulu Ufuk Tavkul, historian and philologist from Turkey
if you want to join Karachay mailing list, write firstname.lastname@example.org
for a live karachay chat, download MIRC, and enter #karacay channel
Music and dances
karachay songs. new!(the page is no more available)
Some related information on international sites:
http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/ru-karac.html(the page is no more available)
- Centre for Russian Studies- Karachay-Cherkessia News(the page is no more available)
local resources from Alim
local resources from http://karachai.r2.ru/
"Culture of Karachay-Balkar peoples" by M.Djurtubaev, in
Traditional arts of Karachais and Balkarians. AYa.Kuznetsova, Nalchik,
Karachai-Balkarian folk dances. M. Ch. Kudayev, Nalchik, 1984. in
Karachay-Balkar orthography dictionary , in
short karachay-russian dictionary in cyrillic
Mini-enciclopedia on Karachai-Cherkess land ,(includes toponimical glossary)
Fiction, Poetry in Karachay
-Balkar Language (examples)
Emblems of modern Karachay-Cherkess
Were authorized February 3 1994.
A piece of detailed map of local area (Zelenchukskaya with
RATAN-600 as a little circle on the South district, Cherkessk, Karachaevsk
and surroundings come here) (full map of KCHR
- 4.8Mb zip file here) more
Версия на русском языке - Russian version
This page is developed by Susanna
Tokhchukova in 1997.
You are welcome to send me any comments or suggestions or sign up in
the Guest book
Къарачай тилде - in Karchay language
Last revised July 29 2003